Modern production processes of industrial companies are subject to constant changes and improvements. Innovations are necessary to ensure the development of the company and the acquisition of strategic competitive advantages.
Competitive advantages for industrial companies are optimally achieved through technological progress and regular market launch of highly demanded goods and services that meet the standards of impeccable quality.
The technical advantage of the company's production processes is achieved through the introduction of fundamentally new and previously unused innovative methods of improving industrial production in the company.
Examples of innovation implementation:
Before starting the introduction of innovations, it is advisable to analyze the company's production processes, adequately assess the need for innovations, draw up a process implementation plan and simulate the desired result of production optimization.
To begin with, it is necessary to determine exactly what innovations the company's production processes need. When introducing innovations, one should not be guided by the fashionable trends of the market and act on the principle: "everyone does this, so we need to do this."
Innovation is a means to achieve the individual goals of a company operating in a specific market and producing specific products. Therefore, each production process must be considered separately and take into account the specifics of the company's production and the market in which this company operates.
Any innovations are associated with costs and expenses for the company, so it is important to clearly understand how innovations will be financed and when investments in process optimization are amortized and what profit optimization will bring in the future.
To determine the necessary innovative transformations, it is correct to conduct a preliminary analysis of the company's activities, financial indicators and demand dynamics. To do this, it is necessary to perform a detailed audit of the enterprise.
Based on the results of the analysis , you need to understand:
If the object of the innovation being introduced is not the improvement of the production process, but the final product or service, it is necessary to analyze the current demand and development potential of this product or service in a particular market.
The manufacturer should keep in mind that for successful implementation, a product or service must be beneficial not only to the company, but also to the consumer. In addition, the benefits of optimizing a product or service should exceed and amortize the resource costs of developing, improving and adapting the product on the market.
In order to ensure maximum efficiency of complex and costly innovations, it is necessary to properly organize the optimization of production processes and build work with the introduction of innovations. The project management should determine the priority of the innovation implementation project for the enterprise and decide whether to develop innovative technologies independently or purchase ready-made ones.
When developing technologies independently, it is necessary to create your own department for research and development of technological processes. For example, a division of the chief technologist or design department, which is responsible for the development and/or implementation of innovative processes in the enterprise.
This approach to production optimization makes it possible to avoid large one-time expenses, since investment costs are distributed over months and quarters, but there is a risk of delaying the development and implementation of optimal production processes, as a result of the loss of relevance of the product on the market.
When acquiring technologies, an enterprise can establish a strategic partnership with a specialized research company. With cooperation, the manufacturer's company receives a ready-made technology developed by professionals without time costs and risks, but at the same time it will incur financial costs.
There is also an option of combining with another company for joint development and implementation of innovative processes. This method allows you to combine the experience and knowledge of participating companies, share the risks of companies and speed up the innovation processes. At the same time, it should be understood that in the long term, the interests of companies may change and it will become impossible to manage joint innovation processes of companies.
The introduction of new technologies at industrial enterprises in various fields of activity has its own characteristics. From our point of view, it is necessary to identify five main stages that any innovative process goes through when it is introduced into industrial production.
Before the stage of innovation planning, a full analysis of production and the potential for its development and modernization is carried out. At the planning stage, the main level of changes is determined, their preliminary step-by-step plan is drawn up, a strategy for working with personnel is planned and developed, the resources necessary for the introduction of innovations, both financial and material, are planned, and the question of the need to attract additional resources is resolved.
Upon completion of the planning, you can proceed to the implementation stage. At this stage, various internal divisions are being prepared for the upcoming changes in production processes inside and outside the company. The main tasks at this stage are the removal of psychological barriers within the company and the choice of optimal methods of training and informing staff.
In order for the introduction of new production methods to become widespread, it is necessary to involve all company structures in innovative production processes. To manage the implementation of innovative processes, it is necessary to create operational project groups and empower them accordingly.
Direct implementation is the central stage, during which the recommendations developed at the first and second stages on the implementation of innovative processes are implemented into reality. At the implementation stage, it is necessary to have a sufficient reserve of time and resources in case of unforeseen circumstances. It is also necessary to be able to promptly adjust the modernization strategy, if in practice it turns out to be necessary. In addition, you need to constantly keep in touch with employees and inform them about the success of the project transformations.
The implementation stage is the consolidation of the achieved results. To do this, it is necessary to allocate all the necessary resources, resolve the issue of further staff development and implement plans to use the results of new technologies.
The final stage evaluates the results of the work done and involves the study of all the results of the introduction of innovative processes into the industrial production of the manufacturer and the objective evaluation of the goods by consumers.
The introduction of innovations can be carried out in the following ways:
When implementing new technical processes, project managers should be prepared to face difficulties and not the concept of innovations on the part of the staff. Employees always take innovations hard, because innovations require abandoning the usual ways of working, adapting to new and unknown conditions, as well as undergoing additional training.
To successfully implement innovations, the following steps should be taken:
To prepare employees for the introduction of new production processes, it is necessary to establish systematic training, trainings and general staff development.
Upon completion of the project, it is necessary to conduct an objective assessment of the work done at the enterprise. The difficulty of evaluating innovations lies in the absence of a unified system for evaluating the effectiveness of innovative production processes.
Thus, the manufacturer evaluates the effectiveness of innovations in accordance with the specifics of the project and production. The effectiveness of implemented innovations can be assessed by comparing the cost of the project, its profitability, and the payback period of investments.
The effectiveness of innovation can be considered in four directions:
For serious manufacturers, all four directions are an important component for the efficient and dynamic development of a manufacturing company. Neglecting one of the directions will inevitably lead to the loss of the company's reputation in the long term and will affect its recognition and investment attractiveness.
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